18 methods of job analysis

OBSERVATION METHODS OF JOB ANALYSIS Methods of observation includes direct observation, work methods analysis, critical  incident  tech...

OBSERVATION METHODS OF JOB ANALYSIS

Methods of observation includes direct observation, work methods analysis, critical incident  technique.

1. Direct observation Direct
Observation is a method of job analysis to observe and record behavior /events / activities / tasks / duties while something is happening.

2. Work methods analysis

Work methods analysis is used to describe manual and repetitive production jobs,such as factory or assembly-line jobs. Work methods analysis includes time and motion study and micro-motion analysis.

3. Critical incident technique (CIT model).

Critical incident technique is a method of job analysis used to identify work behaviors that classify in good and poor performance.

4. INTERVIEW METHOD
Interview method is a useful tool of job analysis to ask questions to both incumbents and supervisors in either an individual or a group setting. Interview includes structured Interviews, unstructured interview, open-ended questions. These  are about 10 methods of interview such as:+ group interview.+ panel interview.+ Stress interview...QUESTIONNAIRE METHODS OF JOB ANALYSIS Questionnaire methods includes 6 techniques as follows:

5. Position Analysis Questionnaire (PAQ model)
PAQ model is a questionnaire technique of job analysis. It developed by McCormick,Jeanneret, and Mecham (1972), is a structured instrument of job analysis to measure job characteristics and relate them to human characteristics. It consists of 195 job elements that describe generic human work behaviors.

6. Functional job analysis (FJA model)
FJA model is a technique of job analysis that was developed by the Employment and Training Administration of the United States Department of Labor. It includes 7 scales (numbers) that measure: 3 worker-function scales: measure % of time spent with: data, people, things; 1 worker-instruction scale; 3 scales that measure reasoning, mathematics, language.

7. Work Profiling System (WPS model)
WPS model is a questionnaire technique of job analysis, is a computer-administered system for job analysis, developed by Saville & Holdsworth, Ltd.

8. MOSAIC model
MOSAIC model is a questionnaire technique of job analysis used to collect information from incumbents and supervisors. It contains 151 job tasks rated in terms of importance for effective job performance and 22 competencies rated in terms of importance, and needed proficiency at entry.

9. Common Metric Questionnaire (CMQ model)
CMQ model is a technique of job analysis that was developed by Harvey as a “worker-oriented” job analysis instrument designed to have applicability to a broad range of exempt and nonexempt jobs. It includes 41 general questions of background section, 62 questions of contacts with people, 80 items of decision making, 53 items of physical and mechanical activities, 47 items of work setting.

10. Fleishman Job Analysis System (FJAS model)
FJAS model is is a technique of job analysis that describe jobs from the point of view of the necessary capacities. It includes 52 cognitive, physical, psycho-motor, and sensory ability, each of the categories consists of two parts - an operational and differential definition and a grading scale.

11. Task Inventory
A task inventory is a list of the discrete activities that make up a specific job in aspecific organization.

12. Job element method
This method is same the critical incident technique. It focuses on work behaviors and the  results of this behavior rather than more abstract characteristics. Job element method developed by Ernest Primoff.

13. Diary method
This method is a useful tool of job analysis to ask worker maintaining and keeping daily records or list of activities they are doing on every day.

14. Checklists and rating scales
Checklist is job analysis method base on an inventory of job elements. You can ask question about purose of position; key responsibility areas; organization;relationships; decision making; authority; Skills, knowledge, experience; working conditions

15. Competency profiling
Competency modeling is the activity of determining the specific competencies thatare characteristic of high performance and success in a given job. Contents of competency modeling include skills, knowledge, abilities, values, interests,personalities.

16. Examining Manuals/reference materials
Manuals/reference materials such as quality manual, human resource manual,procedures, instruction, forms, job description…are useful for analyst in job analysis.These documents are available for organizations applied to ISO 9000 standard.

17. Technical conference
Technical conference is a useful tool of job analysis base on Subject Matter Experts(SMEs). SMEs conduct brainstorming sessions to identify job elements. SMEs can use all job analysis methods in here.

18.Threshold Traits Analysis System (TTAS model)

Threshold Traits Analysis System (TTAS model) is a method of job analysis, was developed in 1970 by Felix Lopez. Threshold traits analysis system include as tandard set of 33 traits: ability traits are “can do” factors and attitudinal traits are “willing to do” factors.Combination of methods
In process of job analysis, analyst can use and associate all methods to collecting job information. For example, when you use direct observation, then you always do interview  method.

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